Often asked: Lesson Plan What Led Up To Peloponnesian Wars?

What events led to the Peloponnesian War?

The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. The two powers struggled to agree on their respective spheres of influence, absent Persia’s influence.

What led to the great Peloponnesian War How did it end?

After years of open warfare, Sparta offered peace and Athens accepted. It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender. As a result, the Peloponnesian War was concluded.

What caused the Peloponnesian War quizlet?

What caused the Peloponnesian War? Greece was not big enough for the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League to be in control. Each league was fighting for allegiance with the city-states.

Who helped Sparta win the Peloponnesian War?

Finally, in 405 BC, at the Battle of Aegospotami, Lysander captured the Athenian fleet in the Hellespont. Lysander then sailed to Athens and closed off the Port of Piraeus. Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC.

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Why did the Athenians lose the Peloponnesian War?

In 430 BC an outbreak of a plague hit Athens. The plague ravaged the densely packed city, and in the long run, was a significant cause of its final defeat. The plague wiped out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers, including Pericles and his sons. Roughly one-third to two-thirds of the Athenian population died.

Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?

Sparta did not want to create a major rival and for this reason they left Athens to counter any Theban expansion in the region. Since the other members of the peloponnesian league wanted the end of Athens and Sparta objected, the Athenians would be forever in debt to them.

What caused the fall of Sparta?

Sparta entered its long-term decline after a severe military defeat to Epaminondas of Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra. As Spartan citizenship was inherited by blood, Sparta increasingly faced a helot population that vastly outnumbered its citizens.

Why did Sparta fight Athens?

The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

What was one effect of the Peloponnesian War quizlet?

What effect did the Peloponnesian War have on democracy? – It spread democracy to Sparta and a few other small city-states. – It helped democracy spread to many city-states around the Aegean Sea. – It ended democracy in Athens when Sparta replaced it with an oligarchy.

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Did Sparta ever lose a war?

The decisive defeat of the Spartan hoplite army by the armed forces of Thebes at the battle of Leuctra in 371 B.C. ended an epoch in Greek military history and permanently altered the Greek balance of power.

What Sparta like today?

Today Sparta maintains its good design, boasting large squares and wide streets lined with trees, while many of the older buildings remain in excellent condition. The city of Sparta is the economic, administrative and cultural center of Lakonia.

How did Sparta beat Persia?

In the late summer of 480 B.C., Leonidas led an army of 6,000 to 7,000 Greeks from many city-states, including 300 Spartans, in an attempt to prevent the Persians from passing through Thermopylae. A local Greek told Xerxes about this other route and led the Persian army across it, enabling them to surround the Greeks.

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