Contents

- 1 What ways can graphs be made to misrepresent the data?
- 2 How can graphs in general be manipulated to misrepresent data?
- 3 How can graphs be used to display data and information?
- 4 How are charts useful in representing data?
- 5 What are two commonly used graphs to display the distribution of a sample of categorical data?
- 6 What is an example of a misleading graph?
- 7 How are graphs used in everyday life?
- 8 Do charts lie?
- 9 Which two types of data can be displayed by graphs?
- 10 Which type of graphs can show continuous data?
- 11 How do you teach students to display data?
- 12 What are the 3 methods of data presentation?
- 13 What is the difference between charts and graphs?
- 14 What are three important features of charts and graphs?

## What ways can graphs be made to misrepresent the data?

There are numerous ways in which a misleading graph may be constructed.

- Excessive usage. The use of graphs where they are not needed can lead to unnecessary confusion/interpretation.
- Biased labeling.
- Pie chart.
- Improper scaling.
- Truncated graph.
- Axis changes.
- No scale.
- Improper intervals or units.

## How can graphs in general be manipulated to misrepresent data?

Omitting the baseline. Omitting baselines, or the axis of a graph, is one of the most common ways data is manipulated in graphs. This misleading tactic is frequently used to make one group look better than another. Truncating graphs can make something that is not very significant look like a massive difference.

## How can graphs be used to display data and information?

Graphs are a common method to visually illustrate relationships in the data. The purpose of a graph is to present data that are too numerous or complicated to be described adequately in the text and in less space. Do not, however, use graphs for small amounts of data that could be conveyed succinctly in a sentence.

## How are charts useful in representing data?

Charts are often used to ease understanding of large quantities of data and the relationships between parts of the data. Charts can usually be read more quickly than the raw data. They are used in a wide variety of fields, and can be created by hand (often on graph paper) or by computer using a charting application.

## What are two commonly used graphs to display the distribution of a sample of categorical data?

Two commonly used graphs to display the distribution of a sample of categorical data are bar charts and pie charts.

## What is an example of a misleading graph?

The “classic” types of misleading graphs include cases where: The Vertical scale is too big or too small, or skips numbers, or doesn’t start at zero. The graph isn’t labeled properly. Data is left out.

## How are graphs used in everyday life?

Graphs can be very useful to monitor pupose of the body like heart rate, blood sugar levels, cholesterol levels, temperature. If you have asthma for example, you might required to graph your peak expiatory flow every day on a chart to monitor your breathing.

## Do charts lie?

Charts lie in a variety of ways― displaying incomplete or inaccurate data, suggesting misleading patterns, and concealing uncertainty―or are frequently misunderstood, such as the confusing cone of uncertainty maps shown on TV every hurricane season.

## Which two types of data can be displayed by graphs?

For example, line plots, bar graphs, scatterplots, and stem-and-leaf plots are best used to represent numerical data. However, longitudinal data are best represented by line graphs. Categorical data are not displayed in a specific order and most often are represented by line plots, bar graphs, and circle graphs.

## Which type of graphs can show continuous data?

Histograms are useful for displaying continuous data. Bar graphs, line graphs, and histograms have an x- and y-axis. The x-axis is the horizontal part of the graph and the y-axis is the vertical part. A bar graph is composed of discrete bars that represent different categories of data.

## How do you teach students to display data?

What to Do:

- Engage students by identifying what they already know about displaying data. Begin by reviewing data as pieces of collected information.
- Explore data tables.
- Explain the results.
- Extend learning if you have extra time.

## What are the 3 methods of data presentation?

PRESENTATION OF DATA This refers to the organization of data into tables, graphs or charts, so that logical and statistical conclusions can be derived from the collected measurements. Data may be presented in(3 Methods): – Textual – Tabular or – Graphical.

## What is the difference between charts and graphs?

The word “chart” is usually used as a catchall term for the graphical representation of data. “Graph” refers to a chart that specifically plots data along two dimensions, as shown in figure 1.

## What are three important features of charts and graphs?

Answer: The title tells us what the subject of the chart or graph is. The vertical axis tells us what is being measured. And the horizontal axis tells us the units of measurement represented.